Women who smoke cigarettes have more difficulty becoming pregnant and have a higher risk of never becoming pregnant.
Smoking during pregnancy increases the risks for pregnancy complications, premature birth, spontaneous abortion and stillbirth.
of mothers who smoked cigarettes during pregnancy on average have lower
birth weights. Low birth weight babies are at greater risk for
childhood and adult illnesses and even death. Women who quit cigarette
smoking before the third trimester (the last three months) of pregnancy
are more likely to have babies who are close to normal weight.
Smoking by pregnant women can cause sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). According to the 2004 U.S. Surgeon General’s Report
, infants whose mothers smoked before and after birth are at three to four times greater risk for SIDS, and babies exposed to secondhand smoke
after birth are at twice the risk.